Harlands Primary School


Principles for Science learning at Harlands

At Harlands, our aim is to use our Science curriculum to foster inquisitive scientific minds and to develop children’s knowledge and understanding of the world around them.

The key aims of our Science curriculum are to:

  • help children understand how scientific discoveries have played a significant role in shaping the way in which we live our lives today and may do so in the future
  • develop children’s scientific curiosity, enabling/encouraging them to pose and explore scientific questions about their world
  • develop children’s investigational and experimental skills, including: observing, measuring, predicting, explaining, communicating and evaluating 
  • allow children to communicate their scientific knowledge and understanding through a variety of different mediums


The school’s long-term Science planning document is used as the basis upon which teachers base their year group planning.

Science is taught both through discrete units of work and through cross-curricular sessions.

Skills Development and Assessment

At Harlands, the National Curriculum guidance for Science at both Key Stages 1 and 2 is used to structure our curriculum provision.

As they progress through the school, the children learn science through a variety of topics that are grounded in physics, biology and chemistry.  These topics are then revisited and developed as the children grow, building on previous knowledge and understanding to form a comprehensive general knowledge of scientific subjects.

An outline of Science topics covered in Years 1-6 appears below.


Year 1

Year 2

Year 3

Year 4

Year 5

Year 6

Topics covered

Identifying, naming & comparing animals

Living things & their habitats


Forces & magnets



Identifying, naming & comparing everyday materials

Uses of everyday materials



Earth & Space



The role of diet and exercise on a healthy lifestyle


States of matter

Properties & changes of materials

Evolution & inheritance

Identifying & describing plants

Plant life cycles (growing plants)

The human digestive system, skeleton & teeth

Living things and their habitats

Life cycles and processes of plants & animals

Healthy lifestyles & the human circulatory system



Functions of a plant/flower and their life cycles

Food chains


Classifying plants & animals


Wherever appropriate, cross-curricular links to other subjects such as Literacy, Maths, Computing, History, Geography and PE are exploited in order to enrich children’s learning and further their understanding relating to how Science contributes to our everyday lives.

At Harlands, children are taught that an effective scientist has a strong understanding of experimental method.  Our curriculum planning for experimental science, allows them to progress through the following developmental stages:

Key Stage 1

  • observing, exploring and asking questions
  • collecting evidence to answer questions and linking findings to simple scientific ideas
  • evaluating evidence and considering whether tests or comparisons are fair
  • learning how they to share ideas and communicate them using scientific language, drawings, charts and tables

Key Stage 2

  • creating links between ideas and explaining observations using simple models and theories based on personal experiences
  • considering ways in which we can measure and quantify our surroundings using a variety of scientific instruments
  • becoming independent scientific investigators, capable of conceiving the aim of a scientific investigation and of controlling the variables as necessary to ensure that they then carry out a fair test

Although children are not always formally tested in Science at the end of KS2, we believe that Science is of great importance, with many links to the other STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Maths) subjects.  For this reason, teachers carefully monitor the children's achievement and progress as they work and plan the curriculum to address their needs. 

Enrichment Opportunities

Wherever possible, Harlands looks to engage in enrichment activities on a local and national level.  These opportunities often STEM from links to local secondary schools and businesses.

Useful Resources

BBC Bitesize Key Stage 1 Science - http://www.bbc.co.uk/education/highlights/curations/zyxydxs

BBC Bitesize Key Stage 2 Science - http://www.bbc.co.uk/education/highlights/curations/z9njqty

Science website that includes a range of great Science ideas and experiments for online and home learning - http://www.sciencekids.co.nz/

Discovery Channel website aimed at fostering enthusiasm and engagement - http://discoverymindblown.com